Martin Luther King Jr. Day may be mean a day off from school, but that doesn’t mean the learning should stop. Instead, use the day to teach your children about Martin Luther King Jr. and his many accomplishments. Make the learning fun and pass your knowledge onto your children.
If you need some refreshers on the topic, here’s a list of 10 facts your child should know about Martin Luther King Day.
Who is Martin Luther King Jr.?
The most important thing your child should know, is that Martin Luther King Jr. was a leader. King Jr. was an activist who helped push the Civil Rights Movement into our history books.
College at 15
Martin Luther King Jr. didn’t attend 9th grade. Instead, he skipped ahead to the 10th grade and also skipped his senior year. Martin Luther King Jr. went straight to college at just 15 years old.
The College Years
Martin Luther King Jr. attended three colleges, the first being Morehouse College where he graduated with a Bachelor’s Degree in Sociology. Crozer Theological Seminary is where King received his Degree in Divinity. Lastly, King attended Boston University where he received his Doctrine.
Montgomery Bus Boycott
1955 was the year King lead the Montgomery Bus Boycott, which is famous for Rosa Parks getting arrested. Parks refused to give up her seat for a white man, thus was arrested. The boycott went on for one year and on November 13th, 1956, the supreme court ruled that segregation on buses was unconstitutional.
Southern Christian Leadership Conference
Martin Luther King Jr. alongside multiple other civil rights activists started the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. The goal was to conduct peaceful protests to end segregation in the US.
June 23rd, 1963 Martin Luther King Jr. led a Freedom Walk in Detroit Michigan. King was accompanied on this walk by 125,000 other people all fighting for equality.
“I Have a Dream”
One of the most iconic days of Martin Luther King Jr.’s life was August 28th, 1963. What started as a march in Washington DC for racial equality, ended with one of the most iconic speeches in history. The “I have a dream” speech.
Nobel Peace Prize
A little over a year later, on October 14th, 1964, Martin Luther King Jr. was the youngest man to receive a Nobel Peace Prize at age 35.
April 4th, 1968
Not everyone in the world was ready for a man with such devotion to the fight for equality. On April 4th, 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated on a balcony of the Lorraine Motel in Memphis Tennessee.
The Declaration of a Day
Ronald Reagan signed a bill on November 2nd, 1983 that turned the third Monday in January into Martin Luther King Jr. Day. However, it took 3 years for the first celebration to occur on January 20th, 1986.
These are just ten of the many different facts to be taught about a great man who is honored each year on Martin Luther King Day. While we are all still learning, it helps greatly to pass this knowledge onto your children. Be sure to check out all of our educational resources.